Hitler had a very special conception of artistic life. He had the most
conventional and classic tastes and could not hear about "Avant-garde",
expressionism or surrealism. All that was for him "entarte art" or "decadent". On
another hand, the Führer was so convinced that some artists were
indispensable for the glory of German Art and Germany's repute that he
established two lists of people who were dispensed of all military duties and
whose income was not taxable. The first list, called list A, was reserved to the
"Immortals" (sic) inspired by the ridiculous habit of L'Académie Francaise.
Those people were considered of "supreme importance" (sic) and were
untouchable : the list A included celebrities like Hans Carossa (novelist and
poet),
Gerhart Hauptmann (sculptor and writer), Richard Strauss (composer),
Wilhem Furtwangler (director) and
Arno Breker (sculptor). On the list B, 20,000
names were granted minor privileges, notably in fiscal matters.

In 1938, Hitler made a list of 773 names of artists whose income taxes should be
cut at least by 40% including people like Rudolf Bockelmann (singer), Josef von
Manowarda (singer), Helge Roswaenge (singer), Ema Berger (singer), Maria
Muller (singer), Margaret Slezak (actress). The same year, to rivalize with the
Nobel Prize, he instituted a
National Prize for Art & Science (Ehrenzeichen
des Deutschen Nationalpreises für Kunst und Wissenschaft  ) which was
awarded to
Ernst Heinkel (mechanics), Ferdinand Porsche (cars), Fritz
Todt
(construction), Willy Messerschmitt (planes),  Wilhelm Filchner
(exploration),
August Bier (medicine  ),  Alfred Rosenberg (author),
Ferdinand Sauerbruch (medicine) and Paul Troost (architecture).

You will find in the frame below the list of artists who were favorite of the IIIrd
Reich and approved by the regime, not all were included in the Lists A or B but
all enjoyed considerable privileges. If one artist happened to lose his
approbation, like the painter Emil Nolde or Herbert von Karajan, his fate was
sealed for the duration of the IIIrd Reich.
NAZIS or NAZIS APPROVED ARTISTS,  ARCHITECTS, MUSICIANS, WRITERS
& ENGINEERS
Richard KLEIN
Sculptor
Arno BREKER
Sculptor
Georg KOLBE
Sculptor
Adolf WAMPER
Sculptor
Josef THORAK
Sculptor
Fritz KLIMSCH
Sculptor-Painter
Richard SCHEIBE
Sculptor
Josef WACKERLE
Sculptor
Karl ALBIKER
Sculptor
Kurt
SCHMIDT-EHMEN
Sculptor
Willy MELLER
Sculptor (plastic)
Bernard BLEEKER
Sculptor
Rudolf
BOCKELMANN
Singer
Gerhart
HAUPTMANN
Dramatist
Gottfried BENN
Expressionist poet
Hans CAROSSA
Writer
Herman GIESLER
Architect
Paul & Gerdy
TROOST
Architect &
Designer
Wilhem KREIS
Architect
Ludwig MIES dit
VAN DER ROHE
Architect
Disgraced after 1936. In
1933 Ludwig Mies
published an article
calling for giving full
power to Hitler
Albert SPEER
Architect
Richard STRAUSS
Composer
Hans PFITZNER
Composer
Max von
SCHILLINGS
Composer/Conduc
tor
Hans SCHMIDT
-ISSERSTEDT
Composer,
conductor
Herbert von
KARAJAN
Conductor
Disgraced after 1939.
Hitler forbade he would
ever conduct an other
Opera in the 3rd Reich
Gottfried MULLER
Composer
Franz LEHAR
Composer
Wilhem
FURTWANGLER
Conductor
Clemens KRAUS
Conductor
Alfred ROLLER
Stage designer
Constantin
GERHARDINGER
Painter
Willy KRIEGER
Painter
Sepp HILZ
Painter
Paul HERMANN
Painter
Hans MAKART
Painter
Hermann GRADL
Painter
Hans POSSE
Architect
Robert SCHOLTZ
Art critic
Chief of the Special
Staff for Pictorial Art
Arthur KAMPF
Painter
Werner REINER
Elk EBER
Painter
Claus BERGEN
Painter
Friedrich JUNG
Rudolf
BOCKELMANN
Singer
Jaar von
MANOWARDA
Singer
Helge
ROSWAENGE
Singer
Danish tenor Helge
Anton Roswaenge was
born in Copenhagen in
1897
Ema BERGER
Singer
Maria MULLER
Singer
Margaret SLEZAK
Actress
Ernst HEINKEL
Mechanics
Ferdinand
PORSCHE
Mechanics
Fritz TODT
Construction
Willy
MESSERSCHMITT
Aeronautics
Gustav
GRUNDGENS
Actor
Heinrich
HOFFMANN
Photographer
Benno von ARENT
Stage designer
Hans TIETJEN
Stage designer
Emil JANNINGS
Actor
Heinz RUHMANN
Actor
 
THE LISTS "A" AND "B" OF EXCEPTIONAL ARTISTS